44 Then He said to them, This is what I told you while I was still with you, that everything which
is written concerning Me in the Law of Moses and the prophets and the Psalms must be
45 Then He (thoroughly) opened up their minds to understand the Scriptures"
John 4:19- 26:
19 The woman said to Him, Sir, I see and understand that You are a prophet.
20 Our forefathers worshipped on this mountain, but you (Jews) say that
Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary and proper to worship.
21 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe Me, a time is coming
when you will worship the Father neither (merely) in this mountain nor (merely)
22 You (Samaritans) do not know what you are
worshipping -- you worship what you do not comprehend. We do know what we
are worshipping -- we worship what we have knowledge of and understand; for
(after all) salvation comes from (among) the Jews.
23 A time will come, however, indeed it is already
here, when the true (genuine) worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and
in truth (reality); for the Father is seeking just such people as these as His
24 God is a Spirit (a spiritual Being) and those
who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth (reality).
25 The woman said to Him, I know that
Messiah is coming. He Who is called the Christ, the Anointed One, and when
He arrives He will tell us everything we need to know and make it clear to us.
26 Jesus said to her, I Who am now speaking with you am
(All Scriptures taken from the Amplified
Bible unless otherwise indicated. Jesus' words in red above).
Lineage of Jesus the Messiah
Places of Jesus the Messiah
Ministry of Jesus the Messiah
Death of Jesus the Messiah
Jesus the Messiah
Future Prophecies Concerning
Lineage of Jesus the Messiah
1. The Messiah would be the "Seed of a Woman."
In this very first prophecy in Scripture (spoken against Satan) God's plan of
redemption can already be seen. God would bring forth a man, through the woman, who would
crush Satan's power.
Prophecy: "And I will put enmity between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and her offspring; He shall bruise and tread your head under
foot, and you will lie in wait and bruise His heel" (Genesis 3:15).
Fulfillment: "But when the proper time had fully come, God
sent His Son, born of a woman, born subject to (the regulations) of the Law"
"And she brought forth a male Child, One Who is destined to shepherd (rule) all the
nations with an iron staff (scepter), and her Child was caught up to God and to His
throne" (Revelation 12:5).
2. The Messiah would be the promised seed of Shem.
After the Great Flood, Noah's three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth became the fathers of
all the nations. God indicated that the Messiah would come through Shem--even before Shem
had become the ancestor of Abraham, who was the father of the Hebrew nation.
Prophecy: "Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem, and
blessed by the Lord my God be Shem! And let Canaan be his servant! May God enlarge Japheth
and let him dwell in the tents of Shem..." (Genesis 9: 26-27).
Fulfillment: "...the son of Shem..." (Luke 3:36).
3. The Messiah would be the Promised Seed of Abraham.
Prophecy: "Since Abraham shall surely become a great and
mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed through him, and shall
bless themselves by him" (Genesis 18:18).
Fulfillment: "Now the promises (covenants and agreements)
were decreed and made to Abraham and his Seed (his Offspring, his Heir)...Who is (none
other than) Christ, the Messiah" (Galatians 3:16).
"The book of the ancestry (genealogy) of Jesus Christ, the Messiah, the anointed, the
son (descendant) of David, the son (descendant) of Abraham" (Matthew 1:1)
4. The Messiah would be the Promised Seed of Isaac.
Prophecy: "But God said, Sarah your wife shall bear you a
son indeed; and you shall call his name Isaac (laughter), and I will establish My covenant
or solemn pledge with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his posterity after
him" (Genesis 17:19).
...It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned" (Genesis 21: 11 NIV).
Fulfillment: "And Abraham was the father of Isaac..."
"For Sarah became pregnant and bore Abraham a son in her old age, at the set time God
had told him" (Genesis 21:2).
5. The Messiah would be the Promised Seed of Jacob.
Prophecy: "I see Him but He is not now; I behold Him, but He is not
near; a star shall come forth out of Jacob, and a scepter shall arise out of Israel and
shall crush all the corners of Moab, and break down all the sons of Sheth (Moab's sons of
tumult)" (Numbers 24:17).
Fulfillment: "And Isaac begat Jacob..." (Matthew 1:2)
6. The Messiah would descend from the tribe of Judah.
Prophecy: "The scepter or leadership shall not depart from
Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet until Shiloh (the Messiah, the Peaceful
One) comes to Whom it belongs, and to Him shall be the obedience of the people"
"But he chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion, which he loved" (Psalm 78: 68
Fulfillment: "...which was the son of Judah" (Luke
"For it is obvious that our Lord sprang from the tribe of Judah..." (Hebrews
"See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah...has won--has overcome and conquered!"
(Revelation 5: 5)
7. The Messiah would descend from David and rule on his throne.
Prophecy: "And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,
and a Branch shall grow out of his roots; and the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon
him" (Isaiah 11:1-2 KJV).
"Once for all I have sworn by My Holiness that cannot be violated, I will not lie to
David: His offspring shall endure forever, and his throne (shall continue) as the sun
before Me" (Psalm 89:35-36).
"Of the increase of His government and of peace, there shall be no end, upon the
throne of David and over His kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and
with righteousness from that latter time forth, even for evermore. The zeal of the Lord of
Hosts will perform this" (Isaiah 9:7)
Fulfillment: " A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ
the Son of David..." (Matthew 1:1).
"The Lord God shall give unto to Him the throne of his father, David" (Luke 1:32
"I am the root and the offspring of David" (Revelation 22:16).
8. The Messiah would be born of a Virgin.
Prophecy: "Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a
sign, Behold, the young woman who is unmarried and a virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and shall call his name Immanuel--God with us (Isaiah 7:14).
Fulfillment: "Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place
under these circumstances: When His mother Mary had been promised in marriage to Joseph,
before they came together she was found to be pregnant (through the power) of the Holy
Spirit" (Matthew 1:18).
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1. The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem.
Prophecy: "But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, you are little to
be among the clans of Judah, yet out of you shall One come forth for Me Who is to be Ruler
in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from ancient days--eternity"
Fulfillment: "Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea
in the days of Herod the king..." (Matthew 2:1).
2. The Messiah would be born during a time of massacre.
Rachel's name, used in the following prophecy, is naturally associated with Bethlehem,
by the fact that her tomb was in that neighborhood.
Prophetic Forecast: "Thus says the Lord: A voice is heard
in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping; Rachel is weeping for her children; she refuses
to be comforted for her children, because they are not" (Jeremiah 31: 15).
Fulfillment: "Then Herod, when he realized that he had been
misled by the wise men, was furiously enraged, and he sent and put to death all the male
children in Bethlehem and in all that territory who were two years old or under, reckoning
according to the date which he had investigated diligently and learned exactly from the
wise men" (Matthew 2:16).
3. The Messiah would come forth from Egypt as a child.
Prophecy: "When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and
called my son out of Egypt" (Hosea 11:1).
Fulfillment: "And having risen, he took the Child and His
mother by night and withdrew to Egypt, and remained there until Herod's death. This was to
fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, Out of Egypt have I called My Son"
4. The Messiah would be called a "Nazarene."
When Isaiah spoke of Jesus as "the Branch," he used the word "Neh-tzer,
meaning "the separated one" or "the Nazarene."
Prophecy: "And there shall come forth a Shoot out of the
stock of Jesse (David's father), and a Branch out of his roots shall grow and bear
fruit" (Isaiah 11:1)
Fulfillment: "He went and dwelt in a town called Nazareth,
so that what was spoken through the prophets might be fulfilled , He shall be called a
Nazarene (meaning Branch, Separated One)" (Matthew 2:23).
5. The Messiah would have a forerunner go before Him.
Prophecy: "A voice of one who cries, Prepare in the
wilderness the way of the Lord--clear away the obstacles--make straight and smooth in the
desert a highway for our God" (Isaiah 40:3).
"Behold, I send my messenger and he shall prepare the way before Me. And the Lord,
the Messiah, Whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; the Messenger or Angel of the
covenant Whom you desire, behold, He shall come, says the Lord of hosts" (Malachi
"Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrible day of the
Lord comes" (Malachi 4:5).
Fulfillment: "In those days there appeared John the
Baptist, preaching in the wilderness (desert) of Judea, and saying, Repent--that is, think
differently; change your mind, regretting your sins and changing your conduct--for the
kingdom of Heaven is at hand. This is he who was mentioned by the prophet Isaiah when he
said, The voice of one crying in the wilderness--shouting in the desert: Prepare the road
for the Lord; make His highways straight (level, direct)" (Matthew 3:1-3).
"He said, I am the voice of one crying aloud in the wilderness..." (John 1:23).
"This is he concerning whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before Your
face, who shall make ready Your way before You" (Luke 7:27).
6. The Messiah would begin His ministry in Galilee.
Prophecy: "In the former time, the Lord brought into
contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time He will make
it glorious, by the way of the sea of Galilee, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the
nations. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in the
land of intense darkness and the shadow of death, upon them has the light shined"
Fulfillment: "(Jesus) withdrew into Galilee. And leaving
Nazareth He went and dwelt in Capernaum by the sea, in the country of Zebulun and
Naphtali, that what was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah might be brought to pass"
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of Jesus the Messiah
1. The Messiah would bring salvation for both Jews and Gentiles.
Prophecy: Jews: "My people hath been lost sheep:
their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the
mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their resting
place" (Jeremiah 50:6 KJV)
Fulfillment: "But he answered and said, I am not sent but
unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel" (Matthew 15:24 KJV).
Prophecy: Gentiles: "Behold My Servant, Whom I uphold; My
elect, in Whom My soul delights! I have put My spirit upon Him; He will bring forth
justice, and right, and reveal truth to the nations" (Isaiah 42:1).
Fulfillment: "And in and on His name will the Gentiles--the
peoples outside of Israel--set their hopes" (Matthew 12:21).
2. The Holy Spirit would rest upon the Messiah.
Prophecy: "And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him,
the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of
knowledge and of the reverential and obedient fear of the Lord" (Isaiah 11:2).
"The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me..." (Isaiah 61:1).
Fulfillment: "And when Jesus was baptized...the heavens were opened and
he (John) saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on Him" (Matthew
"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me..." (Luke 4:18).
3. The Messiah would be a prophet.
Prophecy: "The Lord your God will raise up for you a
prophet from the midst of your brethren, like me (Moses); to him shall you listen:
Fulfillment: "Jesus said to them, A prophet is not without
honor except in his own country and in his own house" (Matthew 13:57b).
4. The Messiah would proclaim God's messages.
Prophecy: "Then said I, Lo, I come; in the volume of the
book it is written of me...I have proclaimed glad tidings of righteousness in the great
assembly--tidings of uprightness and right standing with God. Lo, I have not restrained my
lips, as You know, O Lord" (Psalm 40:7,9).
"The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed and qualified
me to preach the Gospel of good tidings to the meek, the poor and afflicted..."
Fulfillment: "And there was handed to Him (the roll of) the
book of the prophet Isaiah. He opened (unrolled) the book, and found the place where it
was written, The Spirit of the Lord (is) upon Me, because He has anointed Me (the Anointed
One, the Messiah) to preach the good news (the Gospel) to the poor; he has sent me to
announce release to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind; to send forth
delivered those who are oppressed--who are downtrodden, bruised, crushed, and broken by
calamity; To proclaim the accepted and acceptable year of the Lord--the day when salvation
and the free favors of God profusely abound. The He rolled up the book, and gave it back
to the attendant and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were gazing
(attentively) at Him. And He began to speak to them: Today this Scripture has been
fulfilled while you are present and hearing" (Luke 4:17-21).
"Soon afterward (Jesus) went on through towns and villages, preaching and bringing
the good news (the Gospel) of the kingdom of God" (Luke 8:1a).
5. The Messiah would be a teacher.
Prophecy: "The Sovereign Lord has given me an instructed
tongue to know the word that sustains the weary. He wakens me morning by morning, wakens
my ear to listen like one being taught" (Isaiah 50:4, NIV).
"Behold, God exalts and does loftily in His power; who is ruler or a teacher like
Him?" (Job 36:22).
Fulfillment: "And all...marveled at the words of grace that
came forth from His mouth" (Luke 4:22).
"Rabbi, we know and are certain that You are come from God as a Teacher" (John
"Early in the morning (at dawn), He came back into the temple court and the people
came to Him in crowds. He sat down and was teaching them" (John 8:2).
6. The Messiah would teach in parables.
Prophecy: "I will open my mouth in a parable--in
instruction by (numerous) examples; I will utter dark sayings of old (that hide important
truths)" (Psalm 78:2).
Fulfillment: "And he told them many things in
parables--that is, stories by way of illustration..." (Matthew 13:3a).
7. The Messiah would be a miracle-worker.
Prophecy: "Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and
the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped; then shall the lame man leap like a hart, and the
tongue of the dumb shall sing for joy; for waters shall break forth in the wilderness, and
streams in the desert" (Isaiah 35:5-6).
Fulfillment: (They) asked Him, are You He Who was to come, or
should we keep on expecting a different one? And Jesus replied to them, Go and report to
John what you hear and see: The blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers are
cleansed (by healing), and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have
good news (the Gospel) preached to them" (Matthew 11:3-5).
8. The Messiah would bear our grief and sorrows.
Prophecy: "Surely He has borne our griefs--sickness,
weakness, and distress--and carried our sorrows and pain (of punishment). Yet we
ignorantly considered Him stricken, smitten and afflicted by God (as if with leprosy). But
He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our guilt and iniquities; the
chastisement needful to obtain peace and well-being for us was upon Him, and with the
stripes that wounded Him we are healed and made whole" (Isaiah 53:4-5).
Fulfillment: "When evening came, they brought to Him many
who were under the power of demons, and He drove out the spirits with a word, and restored
to health all who were sick; and thus He fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah,
He Himself took (in order to carry away) our weaknesses and infirmities and bore away our
diseases: (Matthew 8:16-17).
9. The Messiah Would be Rejected by His people.
Prophecy: "He was despised and rejected and forsaken by
men...He was despised and we did not appreciate His worth or have any esteem for Him"
Fulfillment: "He came to that which belonged to Him--to His
own (domain, creation, things, world)--and they who were His own did not receive him and
did not welcome Him" (John 1:11).
10. The Messiah would suffer greatly.
Prophecy: "A man of sorrows and pains, and acquainted with
grief...oppressed and afflicted" (Isaiah 53:3,7)
Fulfillment: "...He began to show grief and distress of
mind and was deeply depressed. Then He said to them, My soul is very sad and deeply
grieved, so that I am almost dying of sorrow..." (Matthew 26: 37b-38a).
"He must...suffer many things" (Matthew 16:21).
"And He said to them, Thus it is written, that the Christ, the Messiah, should
suffer..." (Luke 24:46).
"Although He was a Son, He learned (active, special) obedience through what He
suffered" (Hebrews 5:8).
11. The Messiah would be an Intercessor.
Prophecy: "He...makes intercession for the transgressors--the rebellious"
Fulfillment: "He went up into a mountain to pray, and spent
the whole night in prayer to God" (Luke 6:12).
"In the days of His flesh (Jesus) offered up definite, special petitions...with
strong crying and tears, to Him Who was (always) able to save Him (out) from death, and He
was heard because of His reverence toward God--His godly fear, His piety (that is, in that
He shrank from the horrors of separation from the bright presence of the Father) (Hebrews
"He is always living to make petition to God and intercede with Him and intervene for
them" (Hebrews 7:25b).
12. The Messiah would be praised while riding the colt of a donkey.
Prophecy: "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout
aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem! Lo, your King comes to you; He is (uncompromisingly) just,
and having salvation--triumphant and victorious; patient, meek, lowly, and riding on a
donkey, upon a colt, the foal of a donkey" (Zechariah 9:9).
Fulfillment: "The next day a vast crowd of those who had
come to the Passover Feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem. So they took branches
of palm trees and went out to meet Him. And as they went, they kept shouting, Hosanna!
Blessed is He and praise to Him Who comes in the name of the Lord, even the King of
Israel! And Jesus, having found a young donkey, rode upon it (just) as it is written in
the Scriptures, Do not fear, O daughter of Zion! Look! Your King is coming, sitting on a
donkey's colt" (John 12:12-15).
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Of the earthly life of Christ, there are more prophecies concerning His death than any
other subject. His substitutionary death was the main purpose for His time on earth. For
this reason, the prophets of old were prophetically shown great details involving the
suffering of the Messiah, so that the specific ways in which they were fulfilled could not
1. The Messiah would be betrayed by a friend.
Prophecy: "Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted
(relied on and was confident), who ate of my bread, has lifted up his heel against
me" (Psalm 41:9).
"For it is not an enemy who reproaches and taunts me; then I might bear it...But it
was you, a man my equal, my companion and my familiar friend; we had sweet fellowship
together, and used to walk to the house of God in company" (Psalm 55:12-14).
Fulfillment: "He replied, He who has just dipped his hand
in the same dish with Me will betray Me!" (Matthew 26:21).
"...But it is that the scripture may be fulfilled, he who eats (his) bread with Me
has raised up his heel against Me...After Jesus had said these things, He was troubled
(disturbed, agitated) in spirit, and said, I assure you, most solemnly I tell you that one
of you will deliver Me up--be false to me and betray Me!" (John 13:18,21).
2. The Messiah would be sold for thirty pieces of silver.
Prophecy: "...So they weighed out for my price thirty
pieces of silver" (Zechariah 11:12b).
Fulfillment: "And said, What are you willing to give me if
I hand Him over to you? And they weighed out and paid him thirty pieces of silver"
3. The thirty pieces of silver would be returned for a potter's field.
Prophecy: "And the Lord said to me, Cast it to the potter
(as if He said, To the dogs!), the munificently miserable sum at which I (and My shepherd)
am priced by them! And I (Zechariah) took the thirty pieces of silver and cast them to the
potter in the house of the Lord" (Zechariah 11:13).
Fulfillment: "And casting the pieces of silver (forward) into the
holy place of the sanctuary of the temple, he (Judas) departed and went off and he hanged
himself. But the chief priests, picking up the pieces of silver, said, It is not legal to
put these in the (consecrated) treasury, for it is the price of blood. So after
consultation they bought with them the potter's field in which to bury strangers"
4. The Messiah would be forsaken by His disciples.
Prophecy: "Smite the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock
shall be scattered..." (Zechariah 13:7a).
Fulfillment: "And Jesus said to them, You will all fall
away this night--(that is,) you will be caused to stumble and will begin to distrust and
desert Me; for it stands written, I will strike the shepherd and the sheep will be
scattered" (Mark 14: 27).
5. The Messiah would be accused by false witnesses.
Prophecy: "Malicious and unrighteous witnesses rise up;
they ask me of things that I know not" (Psalm 35:11).
"For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of deceit are opened against me, they have
spoken to me and against me with a lying tongue" (Psalm 109:2).
Fulfillment: "Now the chief priests and the whole council (the
Sanhedrin) sought to get false witnesses to testify against Jesus..." (Matthew
6. The Messiah would be silent before his accusers.
Prophecy: "He was oppressed, yet when He was afflicted He
was submissive and opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a
sheep that before her shearers is dumb, so he opened not His mouth" (Isaiah 53:7).
"But I, like a deaf man, hear not; and I am like a dumb man who opens not his mouth.
Yes, I have become like a man who hears not, in whose mouth are no arguments or
replies" (Psalm 38:13-14).
Fulfillment: "But when the charges were made against Him by
the chief priests and the elders, he made no answer...He made no reply to him, not even to
a single accusation, so that the governor marveled greatly..." (Matthew 27:2,14).
"When He was reviled and insulted, He did not revile or offer insult in return;
(when) He was abused and suffered, He made no threats of (vengeance); but He trusted
(Himself and everything) to Him who judges fairly" (1 Peter 2:23).
7. The Messiah would be smitten across the face.
Prophecy: "Smite the Shepherd..." (Zechariah 13:7).
"They shall smite the ruler of Israel with a rod--a scepter--on the
cheek" (Micah 5:1).
Fulfillment: "And they took the reed-staff and struck Him
on the head" (Matthew 27:30).
"Then they...struck Him with their fists; and some slapped Him in the
face" (Matthew 26:67).
8. The Messiah would be spat upon.
Prophecy: "I gave My...cheeks to those who plucked off the
hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting" (Isaiah 50:6).
Fulfillment: "Then they spat in his face, and struck him
with their fists; and some slapped Him in the face, Saying, Prophesy to us, You Christ,
the Messiah! Who was it that struck you?" (Matthew 26:67-68).
"And they spat on Him" (Matthew 27:30).
9. The Messiah would be whipped on the back.
Prophecy: "I gave My back to the smiters..." (Isaiah
Fulfillment: "So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the crowd, set
Barabbas free for them; and after having whipped Jesus, he handed (Him) over to be
crucified" (Mark 15:15).
10. The Messiah's body would be disfigured.
Prophecy: "(For many, the Servant of God became an object of
horror; many were astonished.) His face and His whole appearance were marred more than any
man's, and His form beyond that of the sons of men" (Isaiah 52:14).
Fulfillment: This above verse gives us a picture of what Jesus
must have looked like before He was nailed to the cross, as well as during His time on the
cross when His bones became out of joint. The following excerpt is taken from "All
the Messianic Prophecies of the Bible" by Herbert Lockyer (Zondervan):
"His bruised and swollen face the smiting with the reed produced must have
looked more terrible when, after the crown of thorns had been pressed onto
His forehead, the oozing blood made Him a pitiable sight to behold, blindfolded
as he was (Luke 22:64)."
11. The Messiah Would be Pierced in His Hands and Feet.
Written a thousand years before Christ was born, Psalm 22 reveals the
manner of death the Messiah would die. David had never heard of crucifixion, as it was not
a practice in Israel at that time. Nevertheless, David writes of piercing the hands and
feet, the bones out of joint, the terrible thirst, the body openly displayed, and many
other aspects of the crucifixion that Jesus would suffer.
Prophecy: "For (like a pack of dogs) they have encompassed
me; a company of evildoers has encircled me, they pierced my hands and my feet"
Fulfillment: "Then He said to Thomas, Reach out your finger
here and see My hands; and put out your hand and place (it) in my side" (John 20:27).
12. The Messiah's body would be pierced.
Prophecy: "...And they shall look (earnestly) upon Me Whom
they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him as one mourns for His only son, and shall
be in bitterness for Him as one who is in bitterness for his first-born" (Zechariah
Fulfillment: "But one of the soldiers pierced His side with
a spear..." (John 19:34).
"And again, another Scripture says, They shall look upon Him whom they have
pierced" (John 19:37).
13. The Messiah would be killed alongside the guilty.
Prophecy: "And they assigned him a grave with the
wicked...and He let Himself be regarded as a criminal and be numbered with the
transgressors" (Isaiah 53:9a,12b).
Fulfillment: "And with him they crucified two robbers, one
on (His) right hand and one His left. And the scripture was fulfilled which says, He was
counted among the transgressors" (Mark 15:27-28).
14. The Messiah would pray for His persecutors.
Prophecy: "He...made intercession for the
transgressors" (Isaiah 53:12).
"In return for my love they are my adversaries; but I resort to prayer" (Psalm
Fulfillment: "And Jesus prayed, Father forgive them for
they know not what they do" (Luke 23:34).
15. The Messiah would be the object of ridicule.
Prophecy: "I am also become a taunt and a reproach to
others; when they see me they shake their heads" (Psalm 109: 25).
"All who see me laugh at me and mock me; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head
saying, he trusted and rolled himself on the Lord, that He would deliver him. Let
Him deliver him, seeing He delights in him!" (Psalm 22: 7-8).
"As with a sword (crushing) in my bones, my enemies taunt and reproach me; while they
say continually to me, Where is your God?" (Psalm 42:10).
"He said to them, You will doubtless quote to me this proverb, Physician, heal
Yourself!" (Luke 4: 23a).
Fulfillment: "And those who passed by spoke reproachfully
and abusively and jeered at Him, wagging their heads" (Matthew 27:39).
"In the same way the chief priests with the scribes and elders made sport of Him
saying,...He trusts in God; let God deliver Him now, if He cares for Him and will (have
Him), for He said, I am the son of God" (Matthew 27:41,43).
"And those who passed by kept reviling Him and reproaching Him abusively in harsh and
insolent language, wagging their heads and saying, Aha! You who would destroy the temple
and build it in three days, now rescue Yourself (from death) coming down from the cross.
So also the chief priests with the scribes made sport of Him to one another, saying, He
rescued others (from death); Himself He is unable to rescue" (Mark 15:29-31).
"Those who were crucified with Him also reviled and reproached Him--speaking
abusively, harshly, and insolently" (Mark 15:32).
"...The rulers scoffed and sneered (turned up their noses) at Him, saying, He rescued
others (from death), let Him now rescue Himself, if He is the Christ, the Messiah of God,
His Chosen One! The soldiers also ridiculed and made sport of Him..." (Luke
16. The Garments of the Messiah were to be gambled for.
Contrary to popular paintings depicting Jesus wearing a loincloth as He hung on the
cross, He most likely hung there absolutely naked, as the soldiers gambled for His inner
and outer garments beneath the cross. This exquisite detail of David's prophecy is a
highlight of the amazing accuracy of his prophetic picture of the crucifixion scene in
Prophecy: "They part my clothing among them, and cast lots
from my raiment (a long shirt-like garment, a seamless undertunic)" (Psalm 22:18).
Fulfillment: "...Then the soldiers when they had crucified
Jesus took His garments and made four parts, one share for each soldier, and also the
tunic (the long shirt-like undergarment). But the tunic was seamless, woven from top to
bottom throughout. So they said to one another, Let us not tear it, but let us cast lots
to decide whose it shall be. This was to fulfill the Scripture, They parted My garments
among them and for My clothing they cast lots. So the soldiers did these things"
(John 19: 23-24).
17. The Messiah would be publicly gazed and gaped at.
Prophecy: "I can count all my bones; (the evildoers) gaze
at me" (Psalm 22:17).
"...just as many were astonished at Him..." (Isaiah 52:14b).
Fulfillment: "Then they sat down there and kept watch over
Him" (Matthew 27:36).
"Now the people stood by, (calmly and leisurely) watching" (Luke 23:35a).
18. The Messiah would be deserted by God.
The face of God was turned--not so much from His Only Begotten Son in Whom He
delighted, but in all the sin of all humanity who has ever lived, piled up on one Person.
He literally took our sin and made it His sin. He totally identified with it,
and took all upon Himself, as if He, Himself was the one who did it. All of the
world's rebellion, arrogance, cowardliness, hatred, and hypocrisy were piled on Him.
The sight was so filthy that God turned His head away. Surely this was the
pinnacle of the suffering which Jesus endured on the cross.
Prophecy: "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?"
Fulfillment: "Jesus cried with a loud voice, Eli, Eli, lama
sabachthani? that is, My God, My God, why have You abandoned Me?" (Matthew 27:46).
19. The Messiah would agonize with thirst.
Prophecy: "(With thirst) my tongue cleaves to my jaws"
"They also gave me gall (poisonous and bitter) for my food, and in my thirst they
gave me vinegar (a soured wine) to drink" (Psalm 69: 21).
"My throat is parched" (Psalm 69: 3).
Fulfillment: "After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now
finished (ended), said in fulfillment of the Scripture, I thirst" (John 19:
"They offered Him wine mingled with gall to drink, but when He tasted it, He refused
to drink it" (Matthew 27: 3 4).
"And one of them immediately ran and took a sponge, soaked it with vinegar (a sour
wine), and put it on a reedstaff and was about to give it to Him to drink" (Matthew
20. The Messiah would commit His Spirit to God.
Prophecy: "Into Your hand I commit my spirit;" (Psalm
Fulfillment: "And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice,
said, Father, into Your hands I commit My Spirit! And with these words, He expired"
21. The Messiah's friends would stand far off.
Prophecy: "My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my plague; and my
neighbors and my near ones stand afar off" (Psalm 38:11).
"You have put my (familiar) friends far from me; You have made me an abomination to
them. I am shut up and cannot come forth" (Psalm 87:8).
Fulfillment: "And all the acquaintances of (Jesus) and the
women who had followed Him from Galilee stood at a distance and watched these things"
22. The Messiah's bones would not be broken.
This symbolic prophecy likens Jesus to the Passover Lamb of Exodus. This lamb was to
be "without blemish," "a male," and without any bones broken. After
being slaughtered, it's blood was to be applied to the doorposts of the houses of the
Israelites, to prevent the destroyer from killing their firstborn.
Today, the blood of Jesus does for us, what the blood of the passover lamb
foreshadowed. As we apply His blood to our "forehead" and "hands" (the
top and sides of the door posts) we also, are protected from the Destroyer, and from the
Prophecy: "...Neither shall you break a bone of it"
(Exodus 12: 46).
"They shall leave none of it until the morning, nor break any bone of it; according
to all the statute for the passover they shall keep it" (Numbers 9:12).
Fulfillment: "But when they came to Jesus, and they saw
that he was already dead, they did not break His legs...For these things took place that
the Scripture might be fulfilled (verified, carried out) Not one of His bones shall be
broken" (John 19: 33,36).
23. The state of the Messiah's heart.
"Jesus literally died of a broken heart. Not only was it punctured by the
soldier's sword thrust, but the extreme mental and spiritual torture was so great that His
heart was ruptured before the point of the sword pierced it. Appearance of the blood and
water indicated that the lymphatic fluid apparently had separated from the red blood,
producing 'blood and water.'" (From "All The Messianic Prophecies of
the Bible" by Herbert Lockyer, Zondervan, page 156).
Prophecy: "I am poured out like water...my heart is like
wax, it is softened (with anguish), and melted down within me" (Psalm 22:14).
Fulfillment: "But one of the soldiers pierced His side with
a spear, and immediately blood and water came (flowed) out of it" (John 19:34).
"This is He who came by (with) water and blood..." (1 John 5:6).
24. The Messiah would be hid from a gaping crowd by darkness.
Prophecy: "And in that day, says the Lord God, I will cause
the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the broad daylight time"
Fulfillment: "Now from the sixth hour (noon) there was
darkness over the all the land until the ninth hour (three o'clock)" (Matthew 27:45).
25. The Messiah would be buried with the rich.
Normally, the Roman custom was to throw the corpses of the crucified to wild roaming
dogs. However, the body of Jesus was spared this fate, as one of His secret disciples,
wealthy Joseph of Arimathea received special permission to bury his body in his own tomb.
Prophecy: "And they assigned Him a grave with the wicked,
and with a rich man in His death..." (Isaiah 53:9).
Fulfillment: "When it was evening, there came a rich man
from Arimathea, named Joseph, who was also a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and
asked for the body of Jesus, and Pilate ordered that it be given him. And Joseph took the
body and rolled it up in a clean linen cloth used for swathing dead bodies, and laid it in
his own fresh (undefiled) tomb, which he had hewn in the rock; and he rolled a big boulder
over the door and went away (Matthew 27:57-60).
26. The Messiah would die a voluntary, substitutionary death.
Prophecy: "...He poured out His life unto death, and He let
Himself be regarded as a criminal and be numbered with the transgressors, yet he bore (and
took away) the sin of many...(Isaiah 53:12b).
"But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our guilt and
iniquities; the chastisement needful to obtain peace and well being for us was
upon Him, and with the stripes that wounded Him we are healed and made
whole....All we like sheep have gone astray, we have turned every one to his own way; and
the Lord has made to light on Him the guilt and iniquity of us all...My Servant (shall)
justify and make many righteous--upright and in right standing with God; for He shall bear
their iniquities and their guilt (with the consequences, says the Lord)" (Isaiah
"I gave My back to the smiters, and my cheeks to those who plucked off the hair; I
hid not my face from shame and spitting" (Isaiah 50:6).
Fulfillment: "I am the Good Shepherd. The good shepherd
risks and lays down his (own) life for the sheep" (John 10:11).
"..I lay down My own life to take it back again. No one takes it away from Me. On the
contrary, I lay it down voluntarily" (John 10: 8).
"Just as the Son of man came not to be waited on but to serve, and give his life as a
ransom for many--the price paid to set them free" (Matthew 20:28).
"He personally bore our sins in His (own) body to the tree (as to an alter and
offered Himself on it), that we might die (cease to exist) to sin and live to
righteousness. By His wounds you have been healed" (1 Peter 2:24).
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of Jesus the Messiah
"Why should it be thought incredible by any of you that God raises the
dead?" --The Apostle Paul (Acts 26:8).
In spite of all the prophecies that Jesus fulfilled concerning Himself, it would matter
little if He was not raised from the dead, thus conquering death for Himself and all who
would follow Him. His resurrection was continually alluded to in the Old Testament, with
many "types and shadows," as well as direct prophecies.
1. The Messiah would not be bound to the power of death.
Prophecy: "For You will not abandon me to Sheol (the place
of the dead), neither will You suffer Your holy one to see corruption (Psalm 16:10).
"O Lord, You have brought My life up from Sheol (the place of the dead); You have
kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit (the grave)" (Psalm 30:3).
Fulfillment: "And going to into the tomb, they saw a young
man sitting (there) on the right (side), clothed in a (long, stately, sweeping) robe of
white, and they were utterly amazed and struck with terror. And he said to them, Do not be
amazed and terrified; you are looking for Jesus of Nazareth Who was crucified. He is
risen; He is not here. See the place where they laid Him" (Mark 16: 5-6).
"For this reason He says also in another Psalm, You will not allow Your Holy one to
see corruption--to undergo putrefaction and dissolution (of the grave)" (Acts 13:35).
2. The Messiah would destroy the power of death for others.
Prophecy: "Your dead shall live, O Lord; the bodies of our
dead (saints) shall rise. You who dwell in the dust, awake and sing for joy!" (Isaiah
"And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to
everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting contempt and abhorrence" (Daniel
"O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where are your destructions?" (Hosea
"He will swallow up death in victory--He will abolish death forever; and the Lord God
will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the reproach of His people He will take away
from off all the earth; for the Lord has spoken it" (Isaiah 25:8).
Fulfillment: "Jesus said to her, I am (Myself) the
Resurrection and the Life. Whoever believes in--adheres to, trusts in and relies on--Me,
although he may die, yet he shall live" (John 11:25).
"(It is that purpose and grace) which He now has made known and has fully disclosed
and made real (to us) through the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ Who annulled death
and made it of no effect, and brought life and immortality--that is, immunity from eternal
death--to light through the Gospel" (2 Timothy 1:10).
"And when this perishable puts on the imperishable and this (that was) capable of
dying puts on freedom from death, then shall be fulfilled the Scripture that says, Death
is swallowed up (utterly vanquished, forever) in and unto victory. O death, where is your
victory? O death, where is your sting?" (1 Corinthians 15:54-55).
"...(Jesus) suffered death, in order that by the grace (unmerited favor) of God (to
us sinners) He might experience death for every individual person...He (Himself) in a
similar manner partook of the same (nature), that by (going through) death He might bring
to nought and make of no effect him who had the power of death, that is, the devil; and
also that He might deliver and completely set free all those who through the (haunting)
fear of death were held in bondage throughout the whole course of their lives"
3. The Messiah would be raised on the third day.
There is much "third-day" typepology in the Old Testament, that points to
the third-day resurrection of the Messiah. Three is the number of divine perfection.
Prophecy: "After two days He will revive us--quicken us,
give us life; on the third day he will raise us up, that we may live before Him"
"Now the Lord had prepared and appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah
was in the belly of the fish for three days and three nights" (Jonah 1:17).
"Jesus answered them, Destroy (undo) this temple and in three days I will raise it up
again" (John 2: 19).
"For even as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster,
so will the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth"
(Matthew 12: 40).
"...they will put Him to death; and when He is killed, after three days He will rise
(from death) (Mark 8:31b).
Fulfillment: "But on the first day of the week at early
dawn (the women) went to the tomb, taking the spices which they had made ready. And they
found the stone rolled back from the tomb. But when they went inside they did not find the
body of the Lord Jesus. And while they were perplexed and wondering what to do about this,
behold, two men in dazzling raiment suddenly stood beside them. And as (the women) were
frightened and were bowing their faces to the ground, the men said to them, Why do you
look for the living among (those who are) dead? He is not here, but He has risen! Remember
how He told you while He was still in Galilee, that the Son of man must be given over into
the hands of sinful men (that is, men whose way or nature is to act in opposition to God),
and be crucified, and on the third day rise (from death). And they remembered His words,
and having returned to the tomb, they reported all these things (taken together) to the
eleven apostles and to all the rest" (Luke 24:1-9).
"Then He (thoroughly) opened up their minds to understand the Scriptures, And then He
said to them, Thus it is written, that the Christ, the Messiah, should suffer and on the
third day rise from (among) the dead" (Luke 24:45-46).
4. The Messiah would ascend to heaven.
Prophecy: "You have ascended on high. You have led away
captive a train of vanquished foes;" (Psalm 68:18).
Fulfillment: "So then the Lord Jesus, after He had spoken
to them, was taken up into heaven and He sat down at the right hand of God" (Mark
"And it occurred that while He was blessing them, He parted from them and was taken
up into heaven" (Luke 24:51).
"And when He had said this, even as they were looking (at Him), He was caught up, and
a cloud received and carried Him away out of their sight" (Acts 1:9).
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Prophecies Concerning Jesus the Messiah
The Second Coming of Christ is mentioned some 318 times in the New Testament--more
than any other fundamental doctrine! Surely after seeing the deliberate way in which
Christ fulfilled every other prophecy concerning Himself, we would be foolish to not
believe the prophecies mentioned most about Him--His return to earth! Here are a few of
the more prominent ones:
1. Christ will return a second time.
Prophecies: "And then they will see the Son of man coming
in a cloud with great (transcendent and overwhelming) power and (all His kingly) glory
(majesty and splendor)" (Luke 21:27).
"...Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing into heaven? This same Jesus, Who was
caught away and lifted up from among you into heaven will return in (just) the same way in
which you saw Him go into heaven" (Acts 1:11).
"Lo, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced
Him; and all the tribes of the earth shall gaze upon Him and beat their breasts and mourn
and lament over Him. Even so (must it be). Amen--so be it" (Revelation 1:7).
"For just as the lightening flashes from the east and shines and is seen as far as
the west, so will the coming of the Son of man be...Then they will see the Son of man
coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory--in brilliancy and
splendor" (Matthew 24:27,30b).
"I saw in the night visions, and behold, on the clouds of the heavens came one like a
Son of man, and He came to the Ancient of days and was presented before Him. And there was
given Him (the Messiah,) dominion and glory and kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and
languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass
away and His kingdom one which shall not be destroyed" (Daniel 7:13-14).
"For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a loud cry of summons, with the
shout of an archangel, and with the blast of the trumpet of God" (1 Thessalonians
2. Christ will return to judge the nations.
Prophecies: "When the Son of man comes in His glory (His
majesty and splendor) and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of
His glory. All nations shall be gathered before Him and He will separate them (the people)
from one another as a shepherd separates his sheep from the goats" (Matthew
"So do not make any hasty or premature judgments before the time in which the Lord
comes (again), for He will both bring to light the secret things that are (now hidden) in
darkness, and disclose and expose the (secret) aims (motives and purposes) of hearts. Then
every man will receive his (due) commendation from God" (1 Corinthians 4:5).
"Jesus Christ Who is to judge the living and the dead, and by (in the light of) His
coming and His kingdom" (2 Timothy 4:1).
"For we must all appear and be revealed as we are before the judgment seat of
Christ, so that each one may receive (his pay) according to what he has done in the body,
whether good or evil (considering what his purpose and motive have been, and what he has
achieved, been busy with and given himself and his attention to accomplishing)" (2
"Even the Father judges no one; for He has given all judgment--the last judgment
and the whole business of judging--entirely in the hands of the Son" (John 5:22).
3. The exact time of His return is unknown.
Prophecies: "But of that (exact) day and hour no one knows,
not even the angels of heaven, not the Son, but only the Father...You must be ready
therefore; for the Son of man is coming at an hour when you do not expect Him"
"For you yourselves know perfectly well that the day of the Lord('s return) will come
(as unexpectedly and suddenly) as a thief in the night" (1 Thessalonians 5:2).
"Lo, I am going to come like a thief! Blessed--happy, to be envied--is he who stays
awake (alert) and who guards his clothes so that he may not be naked and (have the shame
of being) seen exposed!" (Revelation 16:15).
"Watch therefore--give strict attention and be cautious and active--for you know
neither the day nor the hour when the Son of man will come" (Matthew 25:13).
4. There will be signs marking the season of His return.
For the sake of brevity, we cannot copy entire chapters of the Bible, but have picked
out some of the most pointed references to what must happen before the return of the Lord.
There are many others. We encourage you to read the entire chapters of Matthew 24 and 25,
as well as the rest of the Bible for a fuller view of the last days.
Prophecies: "Be careful that no one misleads you--deceiving
you and leading you into error. For many will come in (on the strength of) My
name--appropriating the name which belongs to Me-- saying, I am the Messiah, the Christ;
and they will lead many astray. And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars; see that you
are not frightened or troubled, for this must take place, but the end is not yet. For
nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines
and earthquakes in place after place; All this is but the beginning--the early pains of
birth pangs--of the intolerable anguish. Then they will hand you over to suffer affliction
and tribulation, and put you to death; and you will be hated by all nations for My name's
sake. And then many will be offended and repelled and begin to distrust and desert (Him
Whom they ought to trust and obey) and will stumble and fall away, and betray one another
and pursue one another with hatred. And many false prophets will rise up and deceive and
lead many into error. And the love of the great body of people will grow cold, because of
the multiplied lawlessness and iniquity. But he who endures to the end shall be saved. And
this good news of the kingdom (the Gospel) will be preached throughout the whole world as
a testimony to all the nations, and then will come the end" (Matthew 24:14,
"For false Christs and false prophets will arise, and they will show great signs and
wonders, so as to deceive and lead astray, if possible, even the elect (God's chosen
ones)" (Matthew 24:24).
"As were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the Son of man" (Matthew
"Let no one deceive or beguile you in any way, for that day will not come except
the apostasy comes first--that is, unless the (predicted) great falling away of those
who have professed to be Christians has come--and the man of lawlessness (sin) is
revealed, who is the son of doom (of perdition), who opposes and exalts himself so proudly
and insolently against and over all that is called God or that is worshipped , (even to
his actually) taking his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming that he himself is
God" (2 Thessalonians 2: 3-4, emphasis ours).
"But the (Holy) Spirit distinctly and expressly declares that in latter times
some will turn away from the faith, giving attention to deluding and seducing spirits and
doctrines that demons teach" (1 Timothy 4:1 emphasis ours).
"But understand this, that in the last days there will set in perilous times
of great stress and trouble--hard to deal with and hard to bear. For people will be lovers
of self and (utterly) self- centered, lovers of money and aroused by an inordinate
(greedy) desire for wealth, proud and arrogant and contemptuous boasters. They will be
abusive (blasphemeous, scoffers), disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy and
profane...They will be lovers of sensual pleasures and vain amusements more than and
rather than lovers of God. For (although) they hold a form of piety (true religion), they
deny and reject and are strangers to the power of it--their conduct belies the genuineness
of their profession" (2 Timothy 3:1, 4-5 emphasis ours)
"And it shall come to pass in the last days, God declares, that I will pour
out of My Spirit upon all mankind, and your sons and your daughters shall
prophesy--telling forth the divine counsels-- and your young men shall see visions (that
is, divinely granted appearances), and your old men shall dream (divinely suggested)
dreams. Yes, and on My menservents and also My maidservents in those days I will pour out
of My Spirit, and they shall prophesy--telling forth the divine counsels and predicting
future events pertaining especially to God's kingdom. And I will show wonders in the sky
above and signs on the earth beneath, blood and fire and smoking vapor; the sun shall be
turned into darkness and the moon into blood, before the obvious day of the Lord comes,
that great and notable and conspicuous and renowned (day)" (Acts 2:17-18 emphasis
"But you are not (given up to the power of) darkness, brethren, for
that day to overtake you by surprise like a thief" (1 Thessalonians 5: 4).
"From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its young shoots become soft and
tender and it puts out its leaves, you know of a surety that summer is near. So also
when you see these signs all taken together coming to pass, you may know of a surety that
he is near, at the very doors" (Matthew 24: 32-33 emphasis ours).
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